v F. PALLOWS.
TOY GARDEN LAMP.
No. 579,968. Patented Apr. 6, 1897.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRED FALLOIVS, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
TOY GARDEN-LAM P.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 579,968, dated April 6, 1897.
Application filed January 30, 1897. Serial No. 621,267. (No modelJ To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FRED FALLOWS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Toy Garden- Lamps; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the ac companying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to toy garden-lamps in which the hollow supporting-post is used for an oil-reservoir and the lantern surmounting the post is held in place by a socket that fits snugly over and upon the top of the post. In lamps of this kind it is necessary to remove the lantern from the post in order to get at the wick for trimming or lighting, and when replacing the lantern after lighting the lamp the fiame, which is necessarily quite small, is very often extinguished or blown out by the upward rush of the air contained in the socket that fits over the post. The object of my invention is to avoid this annoyance and make a lamp in which the light will not be extinguished by replacing the lantern. To accomplish the desired result, I provide the socket that fits over the post with openings sufiiciently large and numerous to allow the free exit of the air in said socket when the lantern is replaced in position after lighting the wick, and by this means avoid any upward rush of air around the tiny flame of the lamp. circular opening in the bottom of the lantern considerably less than the diameter of the top of the post, thus providing an additional check to prevent the upward rush of air and force it to pass out sidewise through the openings in the socket.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is an elevation of my improved lamp and post. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the lamp on the post. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the lantern removed from the post.
A is the supporting-post, made hollow to contain the oil for the lamp, and is provided with a suitable base A.
I also make the diameter of the B is the lantern surmountin g the post and made in any suitable design.
B is a socket soldered to the base of the lantern and fitting snugly over the top of the post.
a a are perforations in the socket B.
b is a circular opening in the bottom of the lantern. This opening is made considerably smaller in diameter than the top of the post.
C is the wick-carrying tube fitting into the top of the post A and held in place by the circular depression a.
d is a wick extending down inside of the post A.
The lamp and post being constructed as shown, when it is desired to light the lamp the lantern B is removed from the post A. After the wick d has been lighted and is burning properly the lantern is replaced in position, and the air contained in the socket, instead of passing up around the wick, will pass out through the openings a a, having a freer exit at those points. The opening in the bottom of the lamp being smaller than the inside diameter of the socket the projectingedge of the bottom of the lantern forms an additional check to the upward flow of air and has a tendency to force it out through the perforations a a.
Instead of the circular perforations shown the openings in the socket may be of any desired shape and they may be placed in any part of the socket, but they must be located under the base of the lantern B. The socket B being made to fit snugly upon the post A, the perforations a a do not affect the burning of the lamp in any way.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
.1. In a toy lamp, the combination of the reservoir-post A, wick-tube O, and lantern B, provided with the perforated socket B, fitting over the top of the post A, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. In a toy lamp, the combination of the post A, wick-carrying tube 0, fitting into the post, lantern B, having in the base thereof an opening through which the wick-tube is inserted, said opening being less in diameter than the diameter of the top of the post A, and the socket B, attached to the base of the lantern and provided with openings for the free exit of the air therein, substantially as shown and for the purpose described.
3. A lantern for a toy lamp, having a suit- 5 able opening in the base for the passage of the Wick-tube, and provided with a socket adapted to fit over the top of the supporting post and having underneath the base of the lantern, openings or passages that will allow the free exit of the air when the socket is [O placed down over the post, substantially as and for the purpose described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
FRED FALLOVVS. Witnesses:
THOS. D. MoWLDs, SAML. I-I. KIRKPATRICK.